What is NJ PACT I?
New Jersey is threatened by climate change impacts such as rising sea levels, more intense and frequent storm events and flooding, and increasing temperature. The effects of these impacts present real threats to the economy, environment and public health and safety of all New Jerseyans.
Therefore, in 2020 Governor Phil Murphy signed Executive Order No. 100 and former Commission Catherine McCabe issued Administrative Order No. 1 requiring the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to begin a regulatory reform effort to help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) and other climate pollutant emissions while making our natural and built environments more resilient to the impacts of climate change that are now unavoidable. These reforms represent New Jersey protecting against climate threats (NJ PACT), a partnership with New Jerseyans to help both stave off the worst impacts of climate change and adapt to unavoidable impacts already occurring across the State.
NJ PACT I Initiatives Breakdown
Climate Pollutant Reduction (CPR)
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions requires a wide range of strategies, from regulatory reform to voluntary programs. The Department’s CPR effort encompasses various sectoral approaches to drive down emissions, including:
Greenhouse Gas Monitoring and Reporting Rule (GHGMR)
The GHGMR Rule addresses gaps in NJDEP’s greenhouse gas emissions inventory specific to methane emission sources and halogenated gases. This rule was adopted to establish a greenhouse gas monitoring and reporting program in accordance with the Global Warming Response Act (GWRA) (P.L. 2007 c. 112 and P.L. 2018 c. 197) to help meet New Jersey’s ambitious 2030 and 2050 emissions reduction goals.
Advanced Clean Truck (ACT) Program and Fleet Reporting Requirements
The ACT Rule enables New Jersey to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), oxides of nitrogen (NOX), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from the transportation sector. ACT incorporates referencing the California Advanced Clean Trucks regulation, which requires manufacturers of vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) to participate in a credit/deficit program intended to increase the percentage of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) sold in New Jersey. This rule was adopted in accordance with the Global Warming Response Act (GWRA) (P.L. 2007 c. 112 and P.L. 2018 c. 197) to help meet New Jersey’s ambitious 2030 and 2050 emissions reduction goals.
Mobile Cargo Handling Equipment at Ports and Intermodal Rail Yards
This rulemaking concerns diesel-fueled mobile sources at ports and intermodal rail yards. Specifically, the Department proposed rules based on California’s regulation requiring diesel mobile cargo handling equipment at ports and intermodal rail yards to apply best available control technology while zero-emission technology continues to advance for this equipment.
Control and Prohibition of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Stationary Sources
Through this rulemaking, the Department proposes to reduce emissions of CO2 from: (1) fossil fuel-fired electric generating units (EGUs) through the application of emission limits; (2) commercial and industrial fossil fuel-fired boilers based upon additional permit requirements; and (3) No. 4 and No. 6 fuel oil by banning their sale and use.
Model Year 2027 or Later Heavy-Duty New Engine and Vehicle Standards and Requirements, and Diesel Vehicle Inspection Tests and Procedures
The Department proposed rules to incorporate by reference California’s emission standards and supporting requirements for new model year 2027 and later gasoline and diesel engines and vehicles with a GVWR greater than 8,500 pounds. The Department also proposed to repeal N.J.A.C. 7:27-14 Appendix A and N.J.A.C. 7:27-28, to avoid any confusion regarding which emission standards apply to heavy-duty vehicles. The rulemaking also includes proposed inspection procedures and standards for medium-duty diesel vehicles, clarifying amendments to N.J.A.C. 7:27-14 and 15, and penalty provisions.
The notice of rule proposal is at www.nj.gov/dep/rules/notices/20221107a.html and the proposal is available at www.nj.gov/dep/rules/proposals/proposal-20221107a.pdf.
Resilient Environments and Landscapes (REAL)
Modernizing environmental land use rules to respond to climate change by considering risks such as sea level rise and chronic flooding, and to facilitate climate resilience by supporting green infrastructure and renewable energy.